Research of the past few decades has established the study of landscapes as a core tool for understanding the Near Eastern history. These studies, which draw on a wide range of methods and sources in spatial theory and analysis, have been essential in the integration of cultural, religious, economic, and political spaces into a broader map of human geographies. More recent work has shifted focus to the scaled perceptual landscapes of urban space as well as the classical geographical relationship between the built and natural environment as a contribution to historical ecologies. The session will host studies on landscapes and geographies from diverse perspectives. A main focus will be on the ways in which data from different methods (including aerial imagery, ground surveys, and textual sources) can be integrated and analytically distinct subsets of landscape studies (including natural, religious, social, economic, or linguistic) related to one another within the composite space of the Ancient Near East.