The May Fourth Movement in 1919 was an important turning point in modern Chinese history. It is most commonly described as a rebirth of China’s modern nation and the awakening of Chinese nationalism. The traditional assessment, however, overlooks that the May Fourth Movement was also part of the global process of anti-colonial movements. This research highlights the significance of global connection in this nationalist movement. Specifically, this project will investigate how the anti-colonial ideas, symbols, messages, protests, demonstrations and movements were introduced, mobilized, transformed and reinterpreted by Chinese activists overseas in the 1910s and 1920s.