DFG-Drittmittelprojekt: "The Science of Sympathy: Morality, Evolution and Victorian Civilisation"
Science of Sympathy takes as its starting point a paradox concerning the evolution of emotions and morality that lies at the heart of Charles Darwin’s Descent of Man: sympathy is the emotional glue that binds civilised society and fosters its progress, but it is also the cause of civilisation’s collapse through its increasing tendency to preserve the ‘weak’. The book will argue that attempts to resolve Darwin’s paradox influenced the intellectual atmosphere and the formation and implementation of social policy at the fin de siècle, as well as shaping the emergence of eugenic theories. Building on extensive primary research on the private correspondence, books, experiments and professional records of evolutionary, medical and psychological scientists, the book’s critical analysis of intellectual debates among evolutionary scientists about the role of sympathy in the evolution of morality gives way to an exploration of the influence of those debates in three late-Victorian controversies: vivisection, compulsory vaccination, and eugenics. This is situated within the general context of opposition to Darwinian morality and the cultural contest over the terms of sympathy. Science of Sympathy will be unique in providing a history-of-emotions approach to questions of social policy, medical and scientific practice, and social engineering, enabling a single coherent analysis of all these controversies together. The monograph will lay bare the foundations of twentieth-century moral questions in relation to public health, biomedical ethics, and procreation. This, together with the other components of SOS, sets out to reclaim the possibility of social-historical ‘big questions’. Who decides how a society is supposed to feel? How are moral codes and moral acts tied to feeling rules? What happens when there is disagreement? Connecting social, scientific, and intellectual history, SOS will redefine how the modern history of morality should be approached through the history of emotions.
A History of Attitudes and Behaviours toward Animals in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Britain: Anthropocentrism and the Emergence of Animals (foreword by Boria Sax; Lewiston, N.Y.: Mellen, 2009).
Pain and Emotion in Modern History (Houndmills: Palgrave MacMillan, forthcoming).
Anthropocentrism: Humans, Animals, Environments (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2011).
‘Species of Compassion: Aesthetics, Anaesthetics and Pain in the Physiological Laboratory’, 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century, 15 (2012) <http://19.bbk.ac.uk>.
‘The Manly Mind? Re-visiting the Victorian “Sex in Brain” Debate’, Gender and History, 23:2 (2011): 321-40.
‘Vivisecting Major: A Victorian Gentleman Scientist Defends Animal Experimentation, 1876-85’, Isis, 102:2 (2011): 215-37.
‘The Moral Status of Animals and the Historical Human Cachet’, JAC: A Journal of Rhetoric, Culture and Politics, 30:3-4 (2010).
‘In Loco Parentis: Public School Authority, Cricket and Manly Character, 1855-62’, Gender and Education, 21:2 (2009) 159-72.
‘Manliness and the “Morality of Field Sports”: E.A. Freeman and Anthony Trollope, 1869-71’, The Historian, 70:1 (2008) 1-29.
‘The Moral Value of Animals: An Historical Perspective’, Post-Anthropozentrismus: Eine Debatte der Tierethik, eds. Angela Kallhof and Herwig Grimm (in preparation).
‘Medical and Scientific Understandings’, A Cultural History of the Emotions, vol. 5, ed. Susan Matt (London: Bloomsbury, forthcoming).
‘The Affective Turn: Historicising the Emotions’, Psychology and History: Confluences and Tensions in Exploring the Human Condition, eds. Cristian Tileagă and Jovan Byford (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).
‘German Methods, English Morals: Physiological Networks and the Question of Callousness, c.1870-1881’, Anglo-German Scholarly Relations in the Long Nineteenth Century, eds. Heather Ellis and Ulrike Kirchberger (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2013).
‘Four Stages of Cruelty? Institutionalizing Humanity to Animals in the English Media, c.1750-1840’, Mediale Konstruktionen, ed. W. Behringer (Studien zur Mediengeschichte, vol. 1, Korb: Didymos-Verlag, 2013).
‘The Historical Animal Mind: “Sagacity” in Nineteenth-Century Britain’, Experiencing Animals: Encounters between Animal and Human Minds, eds. Robert W. Mitchell and Julie Smith, (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012).
‘The End of Anthropocentrism’, Anthropocentrism: Humans, Animals, Environments, ed. Rob Boddice (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2011).
‘Forgotten Antecedents: Entrepreneurship and the Social in History’, An Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship: Voices, Preconditions, Contexts, ed. Rafael Ziegler (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Press, 2009).
‘Tierkampf’ [Bloodsports], Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit (J.B. Metzler, 2011).
‘Tierschutz’ [Animal Protection], Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit (J.B. Metzler, 2011).
The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics, eds. Alison Bashford and Philippa Levine. Canadian Journal of History (forthcoming).
Facing Fear: The History of an Emotion in Global Perspective, eds. Michael Laffan and Max Weiss and Fear Across the Disciplines, eds. Jan Plamper and Ben Lazier. Journal of Social History (forthcoming).
The Horse as Cultural Icon: The Real and the Symbolic Horse in the Early Modern World, eds. Peter Edwards et al. Cultural and Social History (forthcoming).
The Quest for Mental Health: A Tale of Science, Medicine, Scandal, Sorrow, and Mass Society, by Ian Dowbiggin. Canadian Journal of History, 57 (2012).
Pain: A Cultural History, by Javier Moscoso. History of Emotions Blog (Queen Mary), http://emotionsblog.history.qmul.ac.uk/ (2012).
‘The Experimenter’s Museum: GenBank, Natural History, and the Moral Economies of Biomedicine’, by Bruno J. Strasser. Journal of Literature and Science, 5 (2012): 127-8.
Gray Ghosts and Red Rangers: American Hilltop Fox Chasing, by Thad Sitton. Journal of American Studies, 46:1 (2012) E7.
What it means to be human: reflections from 1791 to the present, by Joanna Bourke. Reviews in History, http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1199 (2012).