This research group examines the dynamic of the processes of cultural exchange around 1900, the first intense phase of the history of globalization, with a special focus on the social actors and intermediaries of transnational interactions. The central question of this investigation deals with the different modes of negotiating cultural, political, and social difference. The project examines the complex processes of cultural and social change within the parameters of growing global interconnectedness, processes caught between homogenizing tendencies on the one hand and the profiling and construction of boundaries on the other hand. The work of this research group is rooted in connecting regionally-specific expertise from the area studies, with a global-historical approach. By emphasizing non-Western perspectives, it wants to add a non-Eurocentric contribution to the genealogy of the globalized world.